Creation of energy efficient «green structures» in conditions of moderate continental climate





Tkachenko, Tetyana M.

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The main aspects of creation of energy-efficient «green structures» in urbocenoses of moderate-continental climate are considered. It was established that problems of exploitation of "green roofs" arise in case of violation of the technology of laying roofing layers and in case of incorrect selection of plant assortment. Technical problems in creating "green roofs" arise when the wrong choice of waterproofing. There should also be a single drainage system, which accommodates all other elements. Failure to observe these conditions may lead to rooting and the development of microorganisms. The assortment of plants on an intensive roof is usually limited to low-growing plants: herbs, shrubs and shrubs. Phenological observations carried out on the intensive roof of the Royal Tower residential complex in Kyiv have shown that with the correct selection of plant assortments and their cultivation technology, plant height can be considerably larger: from 4 to 6 m, which significantly expands the ecological and biological capabilities of intensive green roofs moderately-continental climate. The assortment of species of plants with high adaptive potential of various life forms with a wide variation of height is proposed: from low-growing herbs to trees of 6 m in height: Quercus paludosus multicaulus, Quercus rubra multicaulus, Pinus sylvestris, Acer rubrum, Acer rubrum 'Scanlon', Chenomeles Maulei, Arónia melanocárpa, Berberis thunbergii, Betula pumila, Crataegus laevigata, Vitis amurensis, Parthenocíssus tricuspidáta, Cornus alba, Picea abies, Picea сanadensis, Picea pungens, Lonicera alpigena, Lonicera caerulea, Salix caprea, Viburnum opulus, Cotoneaster lucidus, Acer tataricum, Acer ginnala, Elaeagnus argentea, Juniperus horizontalis, Juniperus sabina, Sorbus aucuparia, Ribes aureum, Symphoricarpos albus, Pinus mugo, Spiraea arguta, Spiraea japonica, Thuja occidentalis, Philadelphus coronaries, Mālus sibirica, Malus niedzwetzkyana.


Ключові слова

«green structures», «green roofs», adaptive potential, assortment of plants, «layered» design, кафедра охорони праці та навколишнього середовища

Бібліографічний опис

Tkachenko Tetyana M. Creation of energy efficient «green structures» in conditions of moderate continental climate / T. M. Tkachenko // Екологічна безпека та природокористування = Environmental safety and natural resources : зб. наук. праць / Київ. нац. ун-т буд-ва і архіт. ; Ін-т телекомунікацій і глобал. інформ. простору ; гол. ред. : О. С. Волошкіна, О. М. Трофимчук – Київ, 2018. – Вип. 2 (26). – С. 77 – 84. – Бібліогр. : 13 назв.