Environmental Management Methods for Trunk Road Adjacent Urban Areas





Priymachenko, Oleksiy

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The efficient operation of all types of transport is an essential condition for the stable operation of Ukrainian economy. Since the transport industry of Ukraine is closely connected to almost all branches of production and social sphere, its trends in development follow the general dynamics of the country's economic development. At the same time, transport industry's development priorities should take into account the distinguishing features of road transport as a fast, convenient, mobile, socially significant mode of transport whose activities are subject to certain safety and environmental risks and guided by international regulatory and legal codes and standards. Today there are more than 1 million trucks and approx. 7 million cars in Ukraine, and this number is growing. This, in turn, leads to an increase in fuel and energy resources consumed by motor vehicles. Raising requirements on the ecological condition of the urban environment causes a problem in the effective planning and functioning of protective and planning elements of trunk road adjacent areas. Trunk road adjacent areas are those located along the main street and road network within the boundaries from the trunk road to the construction line. These are the boundaries of the location of houses and structures related to the red lines, according to the construction line definition. They account for about 15…30% of the city's area. The study of methodological foundations of sustainable development of urbanized areas should be based on a comprehensive, problem-oriented approach of various related scientific studies. There-fore, the task of studying the environmental impact of the main street network is relevant for the city. Thus, the city's main street and road network can be called the main source of complex ecological impacts, particularly on the intra-city environment and the environment, i.e. the urban eco-system as a whole. All-natural components of the urban environment, namely, geological, atmospheric, hydrological environment, are subject to harmful anthropogenic impact of the street and road network. The most critical is the atmospheric air condition, whose deterioration is a planetary scale problem.


Ключові слова

кафедра міського будівництва, ecological condition of urban environment, trunk road adjacent area, environmental impacts, экологическое состояние городской среды, магистральные территории, экологические нагрузки

Бібліографічний опис

Priymachenko Oleksiy. Environmental Management Methods for Trunk Road Adjacent Urban Areas / Oleksiy Priymachenko // Підводні технології : промислова та цивільна інженерія : міжнар. наук. журн. / Київ. нац. ун-т буд-ва і архіт. ; гол. ред. М. Сукач. – Київ : КНУБА, 2019. – Вип. 9. – С. 39 - 46 . – Бібліогр. : 29 назв.