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Документ Boundary element approaches to the problem of 2-d non-stationary elastic vibrations(КНУБА, 2020) Vorona, Yu. V.; Kozak, A. A.Показати більше Two boundary element approaches are used to solve the problem on non-stationary vibrations of elastic solids. The first approach is based on the transition to the frequency domain by means of a Fourier series expansion. The second approach is associated with the direct solution of a system of time-dependent boundary integral equations, with a piecewise constant approximation of the dependence of the unknowns on time. In both cases, a collocation scheme is used to algebraize the integral equations, and the difficulties associated with the calculation of singular integrals are overcome by replacing the kernels with the initial segment of the Maclaurin series. After such a replacement, the kernels take the form of a sum, the first term of which is the corresponding fundamental solution of the statics problem while other terms are regular. Since integration of static kernels is not difficult the problem of calculating the diagonal coefficients of the SLAE turns out to be solved. The developed techniques are compared in the process of dynamics analysis solving of elastic media with two cylindrical cavities. The boundary of one of the cavities is subjected to a radial impulse load, which varies according to the parabolic law. Both approaches have shown the similar effectiveness and qualitative consistency.Показати більше Документ Kyiv school of the theory of structures(КНУБА, 2020) Bazhenov, V. A.; Perelmuter A.V.; Vorona, Yu. V.Показати більше The paper presents a review of more than a century-long history of Kyiv school of the theory of structure, the foundation of which was laid by world-famous scientists V.L. Kirpichov and S.P. Tymoshenko. The birth of the Kyiv scientific school of the Theory of structures is associated in this paper with the establishment at the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute the Strength of Materials Department. It is noted that further formation and development of the theory of structures was facilitated by the creation in 1918 of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Mechanics of the NAS of Ukraine, expansion of relevant research in higher education institutions, creation of new academic and sectoral research institutions, most of which is located in Kyiv. The contribution of Kiev scientists to the development of methods for analyzing spatial structures of bar and shell type, their inelastic behavior, as well as dynamics and stability is reflected. Particular attention is paid to the fundamentally new opportunities for the development of the theory of structures in the era of numerical analysis. The successes of Kiev mechanics in the field of development and improvement of structure analysis numerical methods, such as the finite difference method and various modifications of finite element methods, are emphasized. Kiev engineers and scientists are also known for their developments in the field of design and calculation of modern cable-stayed structures, as well as optimal design. The activities of the scientific school of structural mechanics of the Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture are also covered in the review. In the final part of the paper the new issues connected with the justification of calculation models and the analysis of reliability of constructions are considered. Some of this problems are dictated by the demands of practice, in particular those that arosed in the process of Chernobyl New Safe Confinement designing. The publication contains a wide bibliography.Показати більше